Allameh Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Tehrani

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Allameh Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Hosseini Tehrani, outstanding scholar, theosophist, philosopher, theologian and literary man in the 21st century. He was born in 1926 in Tehran. Allameh had studied mechanics successfully and could go abroad, continue his eduacation and work, but he started studying religious sciences. Allameh went to “Qom Hawzeh” and studied philosophy, commentary and theosophy in the presence of great philosopher; “Allameh Tabatabaei” and other masters for 7 years. Then he went to Najaf at the age of 27 to continue his studies. #### He studied jurisprudence (Fiqh), methodology (Osul) and Hadith under great jurisconsults and scholars. Allameh was also trained in the presence of great scholars and theosophists: Sheikh Abbas Qochani, Seyyed Jamal al-Din Golpayegani, Sheikh Muhammad Javad Ansari and the prominent theosophist; “Seyyed Hashem Mousavi Haddad” who was one of the greatest students of “Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Qazi Tabatabaei”. “Haddad” had a profound effect on Allameh’s life.

At the age of 33, by order of his master “Sheikh Muhammad Javad Ansari”, he returned to Tehran and started propagating Islamic commandments and guiding people. Allameh Tehrani ahd also political activities. He wasa against “Muhammad Reza shah” (king of Iran) and was going to establish an Islamic government. He communicated with Imama Khomeini (the former supreme leader of Iran) by his students “Murteza Mutahari”. In 1979, by order of his master “Seyyed Hashem Haddad”, he went to Mashhad and spent his rest of life in this city. He trained many students and wrote prominent books. Some of his works:
1- On the knowledge of Imam (18 volumes)
2- On the knowledge of resurrection (10 volumes)
3- On the knowledge of Allah (3 volumes)
4- Scientific and natural monotheism in philosophical and theosophical sects
5- The treatise “Badi’e” (Novelty)
6- The duty of a Muslim for reviving Islamic government
7- Authority of jurist (Welayat- e Faqih) in Islamic government (4 volumes)
8- Lama’at al-Hossein (the preaching and sermon of Imam Hossein [the 3rd Imam of Shias. P.b.u.h] )
9- The treatise “Lob al lobab” (Crème de la crème)
10- The light of the Quran (4 volumes)

His masters in Qom:
Ayatollah Abdul Javad Sedehi
Ayatollah Seyyed Reza Baha al-Dini
Ayatollah Sheikh Murteza Haeri
Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Damad
Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Hojjat
Ayatollah Hossein Biroujerdi
Allameh Muhammad Hossein Tabatabaei

The masters in Najaf:
Ayatollah Hossein Helli (in jurisprudence & methodology)
Ayatollah Seyyed Abu Qadem Khoei
Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmoud Shahroudi
Ayatollah Agha Bizorg Tehrani (in Hadith)
Ayatollah Seyyed Jamal al-Din Golpayegani

Allameh Tehrani passed away in 1995 in Mashhad.

Sources

translation of the book Rooh-e Mujarrad(The abstract soul)

Keywords


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