در این متـن میخوانـــیم :
This book is one of the Sadr Al-Mote'allehin or Molla Sadra’s works. It is Gnostic-philosophy treatise in Arabic and it is like the “Al-shawahid Al-rububiyah” book in several sections:
Theology(knowledge of God), proof of “The Creator”, being(wujud), science of “The Necessary Being”(vajebol wujud), if creatures of “The Necessary Being”(vajebol wujud) are “absolute good” or they are “the good” that overcame the “evil”?
Molla Sadra mentioned the Divine subjects with the name of “The secrets that has been opened to him” without getting it ####from anybody and being imitative. He also mentioned it in mysticism (erfan) and illumination(eshragh) method, with the titles of “emanation”(Feyz) that consist of forty emanation(Feyz). In this treatise, he blame the teachers, courtiers, “traditionists”(mohadesan) and “jurists” (faghihan). Also the Persian couplets have been seen in this text. This treatise also called “Al-Tasbihat Al-qalbiyah fi Marefate Al-rububiyah”.
The biography of Sadr Aldin shirazi(Molla Sadra):
Mohammad the son of Ibrahim Shirazi also called Sadr Aldin and famous to Molla Sadra or Sadr Almote-alehin, was born in Shiraz in 1571 or 1572A.D.(979 or 980A.H.). His father “Ibrahim the son of Yahyä Ghavämi” was one of the ministers of saffavid government. He was wealthy and influential and with great effort trained his son. Mullah Sadra’s life can be divided into three periods:
1- The periods of seminarian, studentship, discussion, studying of the old books and viewpoints of philosophers in Shiraz and Isfahan. In this period, he studied viewpoint of philosophers, kaläm, “Aristotelian” (mash-shäi) and Illuminative (eshräghi) philosophers.
2- The stage of “self-discipline” (tahzibe nafs), “asceticism” (riyazat) and “mystical disclosure” (mokashefeh) in “kahak” village (near the “Qom”) that finally led to “unveiling of Lordly truths”(kashfe haghäyegh rabäni) and “theological sciences”.
3- The stage of writing and teaching in Shiraz in the school that Allahverdy Khan, the governor of “Fars”, built it. During this period, Mullah Sadra almost wrote all his works. Mullah Sadra caused the “Divine Wisdom” (hekmate ellähi) and Islamic Philosophy enters into the new stage. He, in what is called “supreme knowledge” (elme a’lä) or universal science or “prime philosophy” or “Divine Wisdom” (hekmate elähi), [and it is the only part that really is “philosophy” and called “Real philosophy”], overshadowed the former philosopher position, changed the principles and first foundations of this science and strengthened it on a steadfast principle. Mullah Sadra, till end of his life, composed and instructed, and in this times, seven times walked to “Mecca” that in returning from the seventh journey, passed away in “Basra” in 1640A.D. (1050A.H).
Masters: Sheikh Bahä Aldin Ämoli famous to Sheikh Bahäi, Mirdamäd, Mir Abolghäsem Fenderski the Gnostic, devout and unique mathematician of that time, etc.
Students: Molla sadrä trained many students but the most famous of them were: Molla Mohsen Feyz Kashäni and molla Abdolrazägh Lähiji. Both of them, in addition of having studentship position, were his son-in-law.
Works: The Transcendent Theosophy (Four Journeys of Soul) [Alhekmate Almote aliye (asfare arba eh)]- Sharhe al-hidayat- Al-mabda wal-maad- Huduthe al-alam- Al-masha-er- Sharhe Shafa- Al-shawahid al-rububiyyah- Ajwibat al-masail- commentaries upon some quran’s suras, etc.
The structure of book:
This book contains the following titles and subjects:
2- Acquaintance with Molla Sadra
3- The works that up to now has been written about Molla Sadra
4- Molla Sadra’s writing
5- Few words about treatise of “Al-waridat Al-qalbiyah
6- The quality of treatise texts of Al-waridat Al-qalbiyah
7- The Arabic text and the difference of treatise in texts, quranic verses, hadiths(traditions) and poems
8- Translation table of contents
9- Persian translation
10- treatise dictionary (the dictionary of words and terms related to treatise)
11- References list
12- Proper nouns(áläm), verses and Hadiths(traditions) list
This book has been published by “Iran Philosophy Society” in Tehran in 1979A.D.(1358), also its translation and correction has been done by Dr. Ahmad Shafi’eiha.
Al-waredat Al-qalbiyah fi Marefate Al-rububiyah - by sadorldin shirazi/Molla sadr’s comprehensive Bibliography- by Nahid Bagheri Khoramdashti
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