The treatise of “spiritual journey”(seyr and sollook) related to Bahr Al-oloom

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In this treatise, in addition to The late Alläme Bahr Al-oloom’s biography and the correctness of ascription of this treatise to him, also has been explained the reality and destination of “the mystic journey to God”(sollik elaläh), the quality and effects of “the mystic journey to God” and the way of mentioning the Alläme Bahr Al-oloom with detailed explanation of Alläme Tehrani.

Author’s brief biography:
Allameh Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Hosseini ####Tehrani, the great scholar, "jurisconsult"(faghih), Gnostic of the 15 century (15 A.H.), son of Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Sädegh Tehrani, was born in Tehran in 1926/oct/4 (1345/1/24A.H.). In his childhood, he was trained under the supervision of his father. He finished the elementary education then the secondary education in the field of mechanics and machine-tool manufacture. Then because of interesting in religion lessons, chose Theology sciences and at the age of nineteen (after wearing the clergymen dress) went to the “Qom”. In the same early years, he got one of the first students of the late Allämeh Tabatabi (the owner of “Almizan” commentry) and in the commentary, philosophy and "practical mysticism" he got an elite of his followers. About 7 years, at the different levels of scientific, he had profited from great masters, then for completing his education, at the age of 26, he went to “Iraq” and dwelled in “Najaf”. He studied "jurisprudence"(figh), "methodology"(osool), "tradition"(Hadith) and Rejal lessons in the presence of outstanding scholars such as Ayatollah Sheikh Hossein Helli, Seyyed Abolghasem Khoei, Seyyed Muhammad Shahrudi, Aghä Bozorg Tehrani. [REJAL: is a science that studying the biographies of the transmitters of Hadith]. In this time, according to the Allämeh Tabatabai’s view and suggestion about "mystic journey" (solook) and Gnostic issues, socialized with Ayatollah Häj Sheikh Abbas Ghuchani, the executor of the late Ayatollah Ghäzi and Ayatollah Seyyed Jamallol din Golpayegani, and in continuation of this path, he got acquainted with Ayatollah Häj Sheikh Muhammd Javad Ansari Hamedani and finally went to great Gnostic, the late Häj Seyyed Hashem Mosa Hadäd. In fixing his "practical mysticism" bases, he made a lot of attempts and efforts. He constantly profited from Imam Ali’s blessings and Imam Hossein’s favours. After finishing higher education and reaching to the outward virtues and inward perfections, for the sake of performance of duty, propagation and development of science and religion, at the age of thirty three, he returned to Tehran, in 1958 A.D(1377A.H.). After passing away of Ayatollah Burujerdy and the royalist incitements of Pahlavi government, he helped the revolution late leader (Ayatollah Khomeni) and also had effective activity. The great Allameh, after 23 years effort and dwelling in Tehran, in the year of 1910 A.D (1400A.H.) went to “Mashhad” and lived there in the last15 years of his life. He passed away in July 1995A.D.(1416/2A.H.).

The book structure:
1-Part one:
-The outline of mystic journey to God’s reality and its destination-the degrees explanation of “purity stage”( marhaleye kholoos) and the stages of before and after that.
The first chapter:The property of number 40 in manifestation of talents.
The second chapter: Brief knowledge of destination.
The third chapter: Entering to the “purity stage” (marhaleye kholoos) and its knowledge.
The fourth chapter: “Journey in 40 degrees”(manäzel chehel gäneh) of “purity stage”( marhaleye kholoos).

2-Part two:
in the way of “mystic journey”(solook) and journey to God with two expression.
The first chapter: Brief explanation in the path of “mystic journey to God”(solook elaläh).
The second chapter:Detailed explanation in the path of “mystic journey to God”.
The third chapter: Effects of “mystic journey”(solook).
The fourth chapter:The way of invoking the God by author.

The viewpoint of authorities:
One day Alläme Tehrani said to Alläme Tabatabi that: “despite the fact that I studied a lot about morality, “spiritual journey”(seyr and solook) and “mysticism”(erfan), I did not find any book like this treatise to be so comprehensive, inclusive, logical, basic, useful, fluent, brief and concise”. Alläme Tabatabai surprised by this word and said: “This (word) is like the word that I heard from the “late Ghazi”. He also said: In “mysticism” (erfan) no book has been written like this book to be so clear and containing many things (profound)”.
The Ayatollah Häj sheikh Abbas Ghochäni who was the late Gazi’s executor (of a will) said:The late Ghazi had many favor to this treatise but repeatedly had said: “I forbid everybody to use the litanies (oräd) and invocations(azkär) that has been related in this treatise”.
As in “A’yän Shi’e” and “Al-zoriye” has been related, can be conclude that the relation of this treatise to “Bahr Aloloom” is stronger, specially with showing consideration for that “late” who had inner purification”(safaye bäten) and “inner luminosity”(nooräniyate zamir) and profited by secrets and hidden things.


The treatise of “spiritual journey”(seyr and sollook) related to Bahr Al-oloom

Allame Ayatollah Seyyed Mahdi Ibn Seyyed Morteza Tabatabai Najafi- Introduction and explanation: Allame Tehrani


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