The Sessions

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The sessions is the name of an Arabic book (Amaali) by Sheikh Saduq.

The author
Abu Jafar Muhammad Babwayh Qomi, known as “Ibn Babwayh” and “Sheikh Saduq” and “Ibn Babwayh”, a celebrated Shia jurisconsult and great traditionist in the 10th century. He was born in 900. After primary education, he studied jurisprudence and Hadith in the presence of great jurisconsults and traditionists of Qom such as: his father (Ali#### Ibn Babwayh Qomi), Muhammad Ibn Hossein Ibn Walid, Ahmad Ibn Ali Qomi, Hossein Ibn Idris Qomi and other great scholars. Sheikh Saduq lived in the reign of the Shia dynasty “Buyids” which ruled the great part of the Islamic world, therefore Sheikh Saduq travelled a lot to visit Shia scholars in different places. In 936, learnt Hadith from “Abul Hasan Muhammad Asadi” in Rey – Iran. In 941, he learnt Prophetic Hadiths from the great scholars of Neishabour: “Aqbu Ali Hossein Beyhaqi” and “Abdul Rahman Abdus”. Also in Marv from: “Abul Hasan Muhammad Faqih” and “Abu Yusuf Rafe”. And in other cities: Kufa, Mecca, Baghdad, Balkh and Sarakhs learnt more Hadiths. In 948, by request of the Buyid caliph “Rukn al-Dowleh Deylami”, Sheikh Saduq was resident in Rey and became the religious leader of Shias.

Structure of the book
It contains 97 chapters and in each chapter there are traditions on religious learnings, principles of beliefs, ethical commandments, the rules of alms, the rituals of hajj, on marriage, will, inheritance, Shi’ism, etc. The sessions was published in 1884.

Sources

Shia encyclopedia

Zari’a

Reyhanat al-Adab

Keywords


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