The ultimate brevity in conception of miracle

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This book "The ultimate brevity in conception of miracle" (Nahayat al-Ijaz fi Derayat al-E'jaz) is one of   the great works of the outstanding philosopher “Fakhr Razi” It is written in Arabic. As it   is mentioned
in the begin ing of the book. “Fakhr Razi”   was influenced by the great
rhetorician “ Abdul  Qaher Jorjani” “ Jorjani  wrote two prominent works called : “ The reasons of miracle”  and “ The mysteries of rhetoric” concerning the science of rhetoric : “ Razi” selected the best sections of these two books and summarized them  in one book:
“The ultimate brevity in conception of miracle”. He also added his own knowledge on rhetoric to the book.

The author

Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Umar Ibn Hossein Tabaristani Razi, also known as "Imam Fakhr", Ibn al –Khatib" ,"Fakhr Razi" and also "Imam al- Mushakkekin" (because he doubted about most of the philosophical subjects), a famous Iranian Sunni theologian and philosopher. He was born in 1149 in Ray –Iran and died in 1209.

He studied jurisprudence and Kalam and other Islamic sciences under his father and then studied under Majduddin Jili.
He wrote on medicine, astrology, physics, literature, history and law.
Fakhr Razi was from "Shafi'i" of Islamic law.

Razi's most major work is "The keys to the unknown" (his exegesis on the Quran) and his most important philosophical work is "Eastern discussions".

Other works:
- Eastern studies in metaphysics and physics
 The harvest thought of the ancients and moderns-
 Book on the soul and the spirit and their faculties-
 Commentary on the "Isharat" of Ibn Sina-
- A commentary on "Major rules in medicines" of Ibn Sina, etc

The book structure

The book includes the following chapters:
1- The miraculous aspect of the Koran   through its eloquence
2- The importance of eloquence
3- The singulars including verbal division: pun, derivation, say (riming prose) ,  Tazmin ( insertion  of another’s verses  in one’s own poem) Tarsi, ( using words in poem/ prose which correspond in measure  and rime ), etc . Division based on sense: subject and predicate, the real sense and the metaphor, simile, allegory, allusion, etc.

Sources

The ultimate brevity in conception of miracle

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