The Islamic Studies

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The Islamic Studies, is the name of a collection includes different Islamic studies, written by Allameh Tabatabaee.
It consists of three main sections, which have been collected by “Hadi Khosrow Shahi”. The first section, on the Islamic sciences, the second section, on Islam and modern man, and the third section contains another part of the book.

The author
Allameh Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Tabatabaie, ####prominent philosopher, born in 1903 in Tabriz –Iran. He studied primary education in his birthplace, then in 1925 travelled to Najaf and completed his education during 10 years. He studied jurisprudence (Fiqh) and methodology (Osul) in the presence of celebrated masters: "Naieni" and "Company", and philosophy in the presence of "Seyyed Hossein Badkouie", mathematics in the presence of "Seyyed Abul Qasem Khansari" and ethics in the presence of "Mirza Ali Qazi". In 1935, returned to Tabriz. Allameh Tabatabaie's education was not restricted only to jurisprudence; in addition to studying: conflection & syntax, Arabic literature and jurisprudence & methodology, he aslo learnt old mathematics from "the principles of Euclid" to "the Almagest of Ptolemy" and philosophy, theology, thesophy too and achived a high position in these sciences. In 1946, he emigrated to Qom and established the philosophy and metaphysics classes. He also travelled to Tehran successively and communicated with people who were intrested in Islamic philosophy and discussed even with those who were against religion; he could make them understand the reality of religion. Therefore Allameh Tabatabaie had a deep influence on Iran and educated and modernist classes in the west. For many years every autumn there was a meeting between Allameh Tabatabaie and "Henry Carbon" (French Islamist, orietalist and philosopher) and also number of scholars attended, they discissed about the vital issues of philosophy and religion. In Qom Hawzeh (religious school), Allameh Tabatabaie revived intellectual sciences and exegesis of the Quran. Gradually teaching basic levels of philosophy such as: the book "Shefa" (written by Avicenna) and "Asfar" (written by mullah Sadra), became common. Hundreds students attended in his philosophy classes; some of them are now great philosophy masters.

Structure of the book
Structure of the first section:
1) The lessons of the Quran
2) The Islamic – social discussions
3) The rank and position of women in Islam
4) A glimpse of women of in Islam
5) Guardianship in Islam
6) Muhammad the Prophet and Islam
7) A treatise on revelation
8) Miracle
9) Some philosophical discussions

Structure of the second section:
1) Islam and the modern man’s needs
2) Scientific and philosophical issues
3) Creation and resurrection
4) Forty questions and answers
5) Transmigration of souls
6) The Imams’ knowledge
7) Wahhabism
8) The existence and essence
9) Islamic and social issues
10)The issues related to the Quran

Structure of the third section:
1) the Quranic issues
2) philosophical issues
3) social relationships in Islam
4) resurrection and the life after death
5) divine philosophy in Imam Ali’s view

Sources

The Islamic Studies (Allameh Tabatabaee)

Shia encyclopedia

The categories of Shia commentators

Farsi encyclopedia

Keywords


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