Imamology (on recognition of Imam)

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The present book is a collection of commentary, historical, social, discussions on Imamate and guardianship, concerning the characteristics of Imam, the conditions of Imamate, necessity of Imam is innocence,
 the guardianship of Imam Ali and other Innocents (the 12 Imams).
The author also intends innocence of prophets leading to
general prophecy.  

The book is written by the outstanding contemporary scholar
 “Allameh Tehrani”: Imam logy is composed based on rational scientific discussions presented in the Holy koran, and also the Islamic traditions on Imamate.

The author

Allameh Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Hosseini Tehrani, outstanding scholar, theosophist, philosopher, theologian and literary man in the 21st century. He was born in 1926 in Tehran.

 

Allameh had studied mechanics successfully and could go abroad, continue his eduacation and work, but he started studying religious sciences.

Allameh went to “Qom Hawzeh” and studied philosophy, commentary and theosophy in the presence of great philosopher; “Allameh Tabatabaei” and other masters for 7 years.

Then he went to Najaf at the age of 27 to continue his studies.

He studied jurisprudence (Fiqh), methodology (Osul) and Hadith under great jurisconsults and scholars.

Allameh was also trained in the presence of great scholars and theosophists:

 

Sheikh Abbas Qochani, Seyyed Jamal al-Din Golpayegani, Sheikh Muhammad Javad Ansari and the prominent theosophist; “Seyyed Hashem Mousavi Haddad” who was one of the greatest students of “Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Qazi Tabatabaei”.

“Haddad” had a profound effect on Allameh’s life.

 

At the age of 33, by order of his master “Sheikh Muhammad Javad Ansari”, he returned to Tehran and started propagating Islamic commandments and guiding people.

 

Allameh Tehrani ahd also political activities. He wasa against “Muhammad Reza shah” (king of Iran) and was going to establish  an Islamic government.

He communicated with Imama Khomeini (the former supreme leader of Iran) by his students “Murteza Mutahari”.

In 1979, by order of his master “Seyyed Hashem Haddad”, he went to Mashhad and spent his rest of life in this city. He trained many students and wrote prominent books.

 

Some of his works:

 

1- On the knowledge of Imam (18 volumes)

2- On the knowledge of resurrection (10 volumes)

3- On the knowledge of Allah (3 volumes)

4- Scientific and natural monotheism in philosophical and theosophical sects

5- The treatise “Badi’e” (Novelty)

6- The duty of a Muslim for reviving Islamic government

7-  Authority of jurist (Welayat- e Faqih) in Islamic government (4 volumes)

8- Lama’at al-Hossein (the preaching and sermon of Imam Hossein [the 3rd Imam of Shias. P.b.u.h]

9- The treatise “Lob al lobab” (Crème de la crème)

10- The light of the Quran (4 volumes)

 

The book structure

 

The book is compiled in 18 volumes, including 270 unites. The volumes are as follows:

1- Innocence of the prophets and Imams (the 12 Imams), the conception of Imamate and the principles, guardianship of Imam Ali (the 1st shia Imam) and the reasons of opponents

2- Exegesis of the koranic verse, “you who believe, obey God and obey the Messenger and those from among you who hold command” (4/59), Imam Ali is appointed as the successor of the prophet by God, brotherhood between the prophet and Imam Ali

3- Recognition  of shia, The  origine  of shia  and also the term “ shia” the characteristics of shia, some  of the  heresies  of Umar (the 2nd caliph), exegesis of the koranic verse: “ God merely  wants to remove any  blight  from you, people of the prophets House and  Cleanse you thoroughly.” (33/33)

4-The superiorities of Imam Ali, the knowledge of the Innocents ( the Imams) , exegesis of the koranic verse: “ Anyone who has knowledge about the Book”. (13/43)

5- Different sort of guardianship (religious and genesis), perfect man     
in the view of great philosophers and mystics. exegesis  of 
the koranic verse,  “ you patron is God [Alone] , as well as His messenger and those  who   believe – who  keep up  prayer the welfare tax and bow their heads [in worship] (5/55)

6- Discussion on the reason why Islam is established based on lunar year. Qadir (the place where one of the most important historical events happened, Imam Ali was appointed as the successor of  the prophet,  by the order of God ),  exegesis of  the koranic verse: “ The number of months with God is twelve in God is  book on the day He created  Heaven  and Earth” ….( 9/36)

7- The prophetic Hadith.  “Anyone who accepts me as his patron , hereafter Ali ( p. b. u. h)  will be his patron.” The evidences indicating Ali ( p. b. u. h) has been always rightful during history

8- The title “Amir al- Momenini” (Emir of believers ) belongs only to Imam Ali Umars confession to rightfulness of Imam Ali, exegesis of the koranic verse :  “ Today I have perfected you religion for you  completed My favour towards you” (5/3)  

9- Qadir, following the prophet ( in all moral manners)

10- Manzalat (Esteem) Hadith “you relation to me is the same as  that  of  Aaron to Moses”  said the prophet to Imam Ali, the sermons of Ali
( p. b. u. h)  after the death of the prophet

11- The most learned (about Imam Ali), wahabism ,etc.

12. The knowledge of Imam Ali (p. b. u. h)

13. Uhud Battle and the events, exegesis of the koranic verse: “Muhammad is only a messenger. Messengers have passed away before him.” (3/144)

14. The course of writing Hadith, shia is superior to others in writing

15. Sajjadiya Book (the collection of Imam sajjadis the 4th Imam of shia prayers) Sunnis have distorted Islamic traditions, “Zayd Ibn Ali”
 (Shiite leader of a rebellion against the Umayyads he ws son of Ali Zayn al- Abedin , grandson of  Hossein Ibn Ali)

16-17. shia is superior in the  course of knowledge ( from the time of Imm Baqer) the 5th Imam –up to the 11thImam Hasan Askari),  the time of the 6th Imam , Imam  sadeg ( p. b. u. h)and Jafari  dect ( founded by Imam  sadag) , life of  “ Mansur Dawaniqi” ( Abbasid caliph), life of  “ Malek Ibn  Anas” ( Muslim jurist  and the imam of the  law school of Malikites), life of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal ( imam of the  law school of Hanbalites  , life of : “ Abu Hanifeh”( the imam of the sunni school Hanafiya)

18. Divine various sciences of Imam sadeq (the 6th Shiite Imam)

 

Sources

Imamology (on recognition of Imam)

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