Three treatises about Hojat Ibn Al-Hassan Al-Askari (p.b.u.h.)

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This book is one of the Allame Mohammad Bagher Majlesi’s works and writings that has been written in Persian. It includes three treatises by Allame about Hojat Ibn Al-Hassan Al-Askari (p.b.u.h.) as follows:
1- Chapter Fourteen, from the valuable book of “Tazkerat Al- A’emme” (biography of the Imams) about the biographies of Fourteen Innocent (p.b.u.th).
2- The treatise of fourteen-tradition’s translation about “Imam of the period” (Imam Mahdi), the advent signs and “Returen” (Raj’a).
####3- The part of “Vali-e Asr” (Imam Mahdi)’s pilgrimages by the Noble book of “Tohfat Al-Za’er” (a Gift for the pilgrim).

The author’s biography:
Alläme Mollä Mohammad Bägher Majlesi was born in Isfehän’s Där Al-Saltaneh. His birth occurred in an educated family and in the time of Mir Dämäd’s “authority” (maja’iyat), the famous “jurisconsult”(faghih) and philosopher. Alläme Majlesi has been the most famous scholar, jurisconsult, famous “traditionist”(mohadeth), Imamism shi’a, Isfahan’s “Sheykh Al-Islam”(a high religious dignitary) and excel of Isfahan’s scholars in the middle of the second half of the eleventh century A.H. and in the first ten years of the twelfth century. Alläme was the third son of Mollä Mohammad Taghi Majlesi who was also one of the glories of shi’a scholars. In the end of Saffavid government, with great perseverance and patience, through compiling and composing of books, teaching Islamic sciences, educating many students and managing the religious affairs of shiisms in his time, succeed to serve so positively to the Iran’s shia and Muslim people that not any clergyman has had such success.

His most valuable works:
1- “Haqq Al-yaqeen”(reality of certainty) on beliefs
2- “Eyn Al-Hayät”(essence of life) on ethics
3- Heliyat Al-Mutaqin on rules of injunctions
4- Hayät Al-Qolub on history of prophets
5- Jalal Al-Oyun on history of Innocent Ones (p.b.u.th.).

Most of his studies, in the field of religious sciences, was in the presence of his father and other his masters are as follows:
-Mollä Muhammad Saleh Mäzandaräni who was his brother-in –law
-Mollä Hassan-Ali Shushtari
-Mirza Rafi’ Al-din Tabätabäi Näini
-Sheikh Abdollah Ibn sheikh Jäber Ameli
-Mollä Mohsen Feyz Käshäni
-Seyyed Mirzä Jazäyeri, etc.

His students:
1-Seyyed Ne’mat Allah Jazäyeri
2- Mir Mohammad-Saleh Khätun Äbädi
3- Haj Mohammad Ardebili
4- Mir Mohammad-Hossein Khätun Äbädi
5- Mollä Mohammad Majlesi (Alläme’s cousin), etc

Alläme Majlesi had two wives. From the first wife he had one son and two daughters and from the second wife he had one son and one daughter. It has been said that Alläme also had the third wife that from her he had two sons and two daughters. He died in his city (Isfahan) in 1699.Mar.29A.D. (1110.Ramadän.27A.H.). He was buried by Jäme mosque, his activity place and near his house, next to his great scholar father (Mollä Mohammad Taghi Majlesi). His tomb is by the Isfahan Jame’ mosque.

The book structure:
This book including the following titles:
*-The Ayatollah Säfi Golpäygäni’s message
-The Hojat Al-Islam Mir Dämädi’s preface:
-belief in “Imam of the Time”(Imam Mahdi),
-awaiting the advent and solution (to a difficulty),
-elixir of life
-well of Mo’attale
-the knowledge of “Imam of the period”(Imam Mahdi) (may God hasten his glad advent),
-“creational guardianship” (veläyat-e takvini),
-the prophets’ power
-loving the “Imam of the period”(Imam Mahdi) [may God hasten his glad advent],
- propagation the Household’s cultures (p.b.u.th.), etc.

*-“Tazkerat Al-A’emme” (biography of the Imams):
-the subjects relevant to the “Imam of the period” (Imam Mahdi) [may God hasten his glad advent],
-the subjects relevant to the Imam Mahdi by Brahmans of Hindus
-Zoroastrian or Magian’s words about the Imam’s advent
-the public words about Imam’s occultation
-the sign of “Dajjäl“(Anti-Christ or an imposter) appearance
-the birth date of “Lord of the Times” (Twelfth Imam ) [may God hasten his glad advent],
-translating 40 traditions by Abu Na’im Isfahäni about the Imam Mahdi
-the letter of Imam about occult subject and awaiting for the advent
-explaining the place of imam Mahdi during the occultation days
-the signs of Imam Mahdi’s presence
-the day of his advent and the duration of his government
-the signs of before the advent
-the signs of his advent
-the events after the advent
-the people’s duty in the Time of occultation, etc

*Tohfat Al-Za’er” (a gift for the pilgrim):
-the quality of pilgrimage “Lord of the Tim” (Imam Mahdi) [may God hasten his glad advent],
-other pilgrimage of Imam Mahdi
-the prayer or supplication of “Nodbah”( bewail),
-the prayer or supplication of “Ahd” (promise),
-prayer for Imam (Mahdi),
-the prayer or supplication of occultation
-pilgrimage of the “Sardäb” (Basement),
-the quality of pilgrimage the Imam in Samarra’s Basement, etc.

Sources

Three treatises about Hojat Ibn Al-Hassan Al-Askari (p.b.u.h.)

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