The prophets' innocence

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The prophets' innocence (Esmat al- Anbya) is a great Arabic work written by the pre-eminent philosopher Fakhr Razi, concerning the prophets' innocence and the misgivings expressed about.

The misgivings about the prophet’s innocence as follows:

1. Misgiving about the prophets beliefs on atheism and heresy, etc

2. The prophet’s innocence about the commandments of God

3. The prophet’s innocence about Fatwa (religious edict issued by Muslim scholar).

4. The prophet’s innocence about their deeds.

The author refers to the Koranic verses and prophet’s stories in order to prove the prophet’s innocence. First he presents the misgivings and then responds to them.


The author

Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Umar Ibn Hossein Tabaristani Razi, also known as "Imam Fakhr", Ibn al –Khatib" ,"Fakhr Razi" and also "Imam al- Mushakkekin" (because he doubted about most of the philosophical subjects), a famous Iranian Sunni theologian and philosopher. He was born in 1149 in Ray –Iran and died in 1209.

He studied jurisprudence and Kalam and other Islamic sciences under his father and then studied under Majduddin Jili.
He wrote on medicine, astrology, physics, literature, history and law.
Fakhr Razi was from "Shafi'i" of Islamic law.

Razi's most major work is "The keys to the unknown" (his exegesis on the Quran) and his most important philosophical work is "Eastern discussions".

Other works:
- Eastern studies in metaphysics and physics
 The harvest thought of the ancients and moderns-
 Book on the soul and the spirit and their faculties-
 Commentary on the "Isharat" of Ibn Sina-
- A commentary on "Major rules in medicines" of Ibn Sina, etc


The book structure


- Necessity of the prophet’s innocence

- Innocence of the angels, Adam the prophet’s innocence

Noah the prophet and two misgivings

Abraham the prophet and seven misgivings about him

Five misgivings about Job the prophet

Joseph the prophet  

Jacob the prophet

Moses the prophet

Solomon the prophet

 Jesus the prophet

David the prophet  

Jonah the prophet

Muhammad the prophet

 Jetro (Shu'ayb) the prophet  

Lot the prophet

Zachariah the prophet   

The last chapter considers the misgivings of those who prove performing the prophets' sins.





The prophets' innocence


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