Islamic beliefs in the light of Quran, “tradition” (Hadith) and intellect

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This book is one of the Ayatollah Jafar Sobhani’s works and writings. This book has been written for explaining the Islamic beliefs that has been reached us through the last prophet and his innocent offsprings in the light of intellect. It presents the doctrinal subjects in 120 lessons. In this book has been tried for proving the Islamic beliefs to be use the more clear proofs or arguments and to be avoid from any complex proof which is not certain.

Biography of Ayatollah Ja’far Sobhäni Tabrizi
####Ayatollah Ja’far Sobhäni Tabrizi was born in a scientific, piety and virtuous family in Tabriz in 1929.apl. 9 A.D.(1308.1.20S.H./1347.10.28A.H). Ayatollah Sheikh Ja’far Sobhani after graduation from primary education, in the schoolhouse of “Late Mirza Mahmood Fäzel, learned the literature, Gulistän(the Rose Gurden), Bostän, Mojam history, Nassäb Al-sebyän, Abväb Al-Jenän , etc. At the age of fourteen, he left for Tälebiye “theological school” of Tabriz.
His Masters:
Ayatollah Rooholläh Khomeini, Haj Sheikh Hassan Nahvi, Mirza Mohammad Ali Modarres Khiyäbäni, the author of “Reyhänat Al-Adab”, AllämeTabätabäi, etc.
He is considered one of the Islamic “Där Al-tabligh” masters of Qom that researches in the field of “Nations history” and “Islamic theology”. He also is the founder of “Islamic theology research center” (The Imam Sädegh(p.b.u.h)Education and research institute) in Qom in 1980A.D.(1359) and is one of the outstanding masters of Qom’s theological school that is excel of seminary. After death of Ayatollah Sheikh Javäd Tabrizi and with trusting to the request of some group of Azerbaijan people, entered (accept) the authority (marja’iyyat). Another one of his scientific and cultural activities:
-establishing and writing the Islamic theology encyclopedia.
-establishing Journal(magazine) and specialized center of Islamic theology.
-writing the university and seminaries textbooks and membership in Islamic encyclopedia “board of trustees”, etc.

Works:
-Al-Kotob Al-Kalamiye and Mojem Al-Motekallemin
-Mosooe’hTabaghät Al-Foghahä
-Mojam Al-Taräs and Al-Mosooe’h Al-Rejäliye
- Foroogh Abadiyat
-“Figurs” (biography) of sages (simäye farzänegän)
-Wahäbism religion
-etc.

The book structure:
This book including six parts and each part including 20 lessons as follows:

*God and the creature order
-lesson one: why do we discuss and studying about God?
-lesson two: the valuable effects of faith in God
-lesson three: the spiritual crises and anxieties
-lesson four: the effect of faith in God in reducing the spiritual crises
-lesson five: “Theology” (theism) through “nature” (fetrat),
-lesson six: “Theology” through reasoning
-lesson seven: three principles of “argument from design” (Borhän Nazm),
-lesson eight: difference between “accident”(coincidence) with the actions that have been done by plan
-lesson nine: the manifestation of “order”(nazm) in transcendent world or the above world
-lesson ten: the shining reasons of monotheism in human being
-lesson eleven: the reason of monotheism in the world of plant
-lesson twelve: studying the “argument form design”(borhän Nazm) form the viewpoint of harmony and control
-lesson thirteen: natural problem solving of living beings
-lesson fourteen: the guiding of Quran and Innocent leaders(p.b.u.th.),
-lesson fifteen: with these problems how do we have faith in God?
-lesson sixteen: who created the God?
-lesson seventeen: the background or track record of tendency to the materialism and the words by some scholars about God
-lesson eighteen: the reasons of tendency to materialism (first and second),
-lesson nineteen: the reasons of tendency to materialism (third and fourth),
-lesson twenty: the reasons of tendency to materialism (fifth, sixth and seventh).

*God and the Attributes of Beauty and “Glory” (jaläl):
-lesson twenty-one: the One God (1),
-lesson twenty-two: the One God (2),
-lesson twenty-three: the degrees of monotheism
-lesson twenty-four: trinity
-lesson twenty-five: the powerful God
-lesson twenty-six: answering of some questions
-lesson twenty-seven: the Knower and knowledgeable God
-lesson twenty-eight: the Alive God
-lesson twenty-nine: the Seeing and Hearing God
-lesson thirty: the Wise God
-lesson thirty-one: answering of some questions
-lesson thirty-two: the Rich and All-Rich God
-lesson thirty-three: the “negative”(salbi) Attributes (1),
-lesson thirty-four: the “negative” (salbi) Attributes (2),
-lesson thirty-five: the Just God
-lesson thirty-six: four questions and their answers (1),
-lesson thirty-seven: four questions and their answers (2),
-lesson thirty-eight: the “positive”(sobutiye) and negative Attributes
-lesson thirty-nine: explain a poem
-lesson forty: the Attributes of God is like His Essence

*prophecy:
-lesson forty-one: general prophethood
-lesson forty-two: the necessity of “Besat”(prophetic mission) from the viewpoint of codification
-lesson forty-three: the necessity of “Besat”(prophetic mission ) from the viewpoint of education
-lesson forty-four: inadequacy of human science in the field of economic and ethics
-lesson forty-five: getting acquainted with the reality of miracle
-lesson forty-six: bringer of miracle should be claimant to prophecy
-lesson forty-seven: miracle is not the phenomenon aspect of cause
-lesson forty-eight: How miracle is the indication for truthfulness of prophecy claimant
-lesson forty-nine: how to distinguish the miracle from non-miracle?
-lesson fifty: two another way for recognition of prophets
-lesson fifty-one: revelation or mysterious “consciousness” (sho’oor),
-lesson fifty-two: why revelation is not “common scenes” (hese hamegäni),
-lesson fifty-three: revelation from the viewpoint of word and Quran
-lesson fifty-four: if the revelation is the result of genius?
-lesson fifty-five: how it is possible a person to be innocent against the sin?
-lesson fifty-six: why prophets should be innocent?
-lesson fifty-seven: the first evidence for infallibility of the Divine leaders from sin
-lesson fifty-eight: the second evidence for infallibility of the Divine leaders
-lesson fifty-nine: protection from error and mistake
-lesson sixty: the extensive information, full science and knowledge

*God and Islam prophet:
-lesson sixty-one: new calling and new religion
-lesson sixty-two: Quran the everlasting miracle of prophet
-lesson sixty-three: the other preferences of Quran
-lesson sixty-four: miracle and its conditions
-lesson sixty-five: miracle of Quran (1),
-lesson sixty-six: miracle of Quran (2),
-lesson sixty-seven: miracle of Quran (3),
-lesson sixty-eight: miracle of Quran (4),
-lesson sixty-nine: miracle of Quran (5),
-lesson seventy: miracle of Quran (6),
-lesson seventy-one: miracle of Quran (7),
-lesson seventy-two: miracle of Quran (8),
-lesson seventy-three: miracle of Quran (9),
-lesson seventy-four: miracle of Quran (10),
-lesson seventy-five: miracle of Quran (11),
-lesson seventy-six: miracle of Quran (12),
-lesson seventy-seven: miracle of Quran (13),
-lesson seventy-eight: miracle of Quran (14),
-lesson seventy-nine: miracle of Quran (15),
-lesson eighty: miracle of Quran (16).

*God and Imamate:
-lesson eighty-one: imamate and shi’ism
-lesson eighty-two: the necessity of discussion about imamate and caliphate
-lesson eighty-three: the characteristic of both shia and Sunnite school
-lesson eighty-four: the best way for reaching to the reality
-lesson eighty-five: Imam, the protector of Islam’s principles and branches
-lesson eighty-six: the domestic and foreign policy of Islam
-lesson eighty-seven: the level of people’s information about injunctions and branches
-lesson eighty-eight: the level of people’s mental development
-lesson eighty-nine: the holy prophet and his followers’ understanding from the leadership subject
-lesson ninety: spiritual evolution of people in the light of appointment of Innocent Imam (p.b.u.h.),
-lesson ninety-one: If divine government is possible without Innocent Imam?
-lesson ninety-two: Three plan for solving the Imamate and leadership’s problem
-lesson ninety-three: the Quran verses and traditions have assigned the Imam
-lesson ninety-four: the Islam prophet assigns the Imam (1),
-lesson ninety-five: the Islam prophet assigns the Imam (2),
-lesson ninety-six: the Islam prophet assigns the Imam (3),
-lesson ninety-seven: the Islam prophet assigns the Imam (4),
-lesson ninety-eight: the Islam prophet assigns the Imam (5),
-lesson ninety-nine: the twelve Imams in Islamic traditions
-lesson hundred: the glorious silence of Imam Ali(p.b.u.h.).

*God and resurrection:
-lesson hundred-one: why we discuss about resurrection?
-lesson hundred-two: the social effects of believing in resurrection
-lesson hundred three: believing in resurrection among the world nations
-lesson hundred-four: resurrection in Tora and Bible
-lesson hundred-five: Quran and possibility of returning to the new life (1),
-lesson hundred-six: Quran and possibility of returning to the new life (2),
-lesson hundred-seven: Quran and possibility of returning to the new life (3),
-lesson hundred-eight: the necessity reasons of human resurrection
-lesson hundred-nine: the second and third reason on resurrection necessity
-lesson hundred-ten: the fourth reason on resurrection necessity
-lesson hundred-eleven: if human being in addition to body have the immaterial “spirit?
-lesson hundred twelve: the experimental reason of spirit existence
-lesson hundred-thirteen: the true dream indicating to the spirit existence
-lesson hundred-fourteen: How the true dreams are the indication of the spirit existence?
-Lesson hundred-fifteen: what is purgatorial life?
-lesson hundred-sixteen: the quality of resurrection in other world
-lesson hundred-seventeen: which one of the bodies are raised?
-lesson hundred-eighteen: the Divine justice court
-lesson hundred-nineteen: what groups are in the fire forever?
-lesson hundred-twenty: what is the purpose of chastisement?

Sources

Islamic beliefs in the light of Quran, “tradition” (Hadith) and intellect by Jafar Sobhani

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