Resurrection in Islamic philosophy and theology

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This book is one of the works of the prominent philosopher and theosophist “Mullah sabzwari”. 

It concerns Resurrection from theological and philosophical viewpoint.

 

The author

Mullah Hadi Sabzewari, Persian philosopher and poet (1797 – 1878), Sabzewar (town in Khorasan, Iran). He disseminated and clarified the doctrines of Mullah Sadra Shirazi (leading Persian philosopher; 1571 – 1640).

He studies philosophy and mysticism in Isfahan, Iran under great teachers: Mullah Hossein Sabzewari, Muhammad Ibrahim Karbasi, Sheikh Muhammad Taqi, Mullah Ali Mazandarani Nuri and Mullah Ismail Isfahani.
Then he went to Mashhad and started teaching. The following are some of his students in Mashhad:

- Mullah Muhammad Kazem Khorasani
- Mullah Muhammad Kazem Sabzewari
- Ayatollah Mirza Hossein Mujtahed Sabzewari
- Mullah Abdul Karim Quchani
- Mirzza Hasan Karim Damad
- Mirza Muhammad Yazdi, etc.

Then went to Sabzewar and took up residence for forty years in this city. He wrote books and trained many students.
Sabzewari was also a poet, composed mystic poems. His pen name was “Asrar” (Secrets).

Works:
Over 30 writings ( including books, glosses and treatises) are left of him:

1-    The secrets of philosophy
2-    Diwan (the collection of his poems)
3-    On the principles of religion
4-    Explanation for the book Masnawi (Rumi’s poetical work)
5-    Resurrection in philosophy and Islamic theology
6-    The treatise of Hakim Sabzewari (including the important philosophical and mystic discussions)
7-    Explanation for “Du’a al-Sabah” (Morning prayer)
8-    Explanation for “Joshan Kabir prayer)
9-    On the rules and secrets of jurisprudence
10-    Glosses on the book “Asfar” (philosophical work of Mullah Sadra)
11-    Glosses on the book “Shawahed al-Robubiya”
12-    Glosses on the book “The beginning and Resurrection” (written by Maullah Sadra)
13-     Glosses on “Mafatih al-Qayb” (The mysterious keys)
14-    Al- Meqyas “The scale” (on jurisprudence)
15-     Persian explanation for the difficult verses of the poetical book “Masnawi”

 

The book structure

The book is composed in 5 chapters as follows:

1)  1. The reality of human

2. The essence of soul

3. Pleasure and pain

4. Metamorphosis

5. Divine rewards and divine punishments, etc.

2) 1. The major and the minor worlds

2. Spirited resurrection

3. The stages of soul in other –worldly life

4. The relation between soul and body

5. Paradise, etc.

3) 1. Corporeal resurrection

2. The views of peripatetic philosophers (Masha)

3. The views of illuminationists (the followers of Ishraq School)

4. Corporeal resurrection and metamorphosis

5. The philosophical principles of Mullah Sadra

6. The views of theologians on corporeal resurrection .etc.

4) 1. The differences between earthly and other- worldly- body

2. Soul

5) The misgiving and the responses

The book is written in Arabic and translated into Persian by Dr.

 Mahdi Najafi.  .

It was published in 2004 in Tehran –Iran.

Sources

Resurrection in Islamic philosophy and theology

Keywords


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