The summary of words on Kums of prophet and his descendants (Zobdat Al-Maqäl Fi Khums Al-Rasul Wa Äl)

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The present book is another one of Haj Äqä Hussein Boroujerdi’s writings which has been written in Arabic by his student and by (his) permission. “Zobdat Al-Maqäl” (The summary of words) is a juridical book which has been completely talked about Khums” (One Fifth) subject. In the beginning of the book, the author explains the verse of “Khums” (One Fifth) and explains the purpose of verse: 41/”the Spoils of War” (Anfäl) sura [And know that whatever thing you gain, a fifth of it is for Allah and for the Apostle and for the near of kin and the ####orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if you believe in Allah…..]. As it seems the author in this book emphasis that the purpose of “The near of kin” in the verse is Imam Ali ( p.b.u.h.) and his progeny. In this book Häj Äqä Hussein Tabatabai Boroujerdi explains in detail the subjects of “Kums” (One Fifth) and one of his task’s features is that he explains his reasons and argumentations with the document of verses and traditions, and sometimes relates “tradition –jurisprudence” (Feqh –Al-Hadith) in following of some traditions, mentions the probable things of tradition, criticize and explains it.

The author’s biography:
Ayatollah Haj Agha Hussein Tabatabai (Borujerdi), the shia “authority” (marja’) and famous scholar of 14 century was born in Borujerd in 1875A.D. (1292A.H.). His father “Haj Seyyed Ali was one of the Borujerd scholar and most of his ancestors and family were one of their times famous scientists and scholars. Haj Aghä Hussein went to school from the age of 7. He learned Quran, literature and logic very soon. At the age of 18 he went to Isfahan which that time was one of the important scientific centers. During 10 years, he studied in the presence of great scholars and reached to the high scientific levels which 3 person of his masters permitted him of Ejtehad. Synchronous with education, he started the teaching of “jurisprudence” (feqh) and “methodology” (osul) which many scholars participated in his classes. He went to the Holy Najaf about 1902A.D. (1320A.H.) and attended at the classes of Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Khuräsäni (Äkhund) and Seyyed Mohammad Käzem Yazdi Tabatabai. After many years dwelling in Najaf he returned to the Borujered in 1910A.D. (1328A.H.), which this returning and dwelling in Borujerd lasted 36 years. During this period, he had many scientific and social activities. From the early years, he had logical and serious fight against the stray sect of Baha’ism and eradicating them from that territory. With forming the classroom and gathering the scholar seminarians, he put the cornerstone of seminary which during many years had extremely valuable results.
Mr. Boroujerdi in addition of scientific and researching tasks, had the broad programs in Islam world and Muslims’ social positions. This great Divine man left behind himself many mementos and the virtuous deeds. We briefly mention some of them:
1- “Azam” (great) mosque in Qom next to Fatima Al-Masumeh shrine (p.b.u.h.),
2- the library of Azam mosque
3- theological school in Najaf next to the Imam Ali’s shrine
4- “Hussainia” (a place in which Muslims mourn the martyrdom of Imam Hussein) and bathroom in Samarra
5- Hamburg Mosque in Germany, reconstruction and repair of some schools, library, mosque in different cities and countries such as Feyzye and Khan school in Qom, Bogh’e school in Karbala, theological school in Kermanshah and Nekui hospital in Qom.
Finally this divine scholar died at the age of 88 in the Thursday morning of 4.30.1961A.D. (1360/1/4S.H., 1380/10/12A.H.).

The book structure:
This book including 5 chapters as follows:
-chapter one: the necessity cases of “khums” (One Fifth),
-chapter two: the conditions of Khums‘s necessity
-chapter three: the usages of Khums’s necessity
-chapter four: the properties which their Khums’s payment is compulsory
-chapter five: spoils

Sources

The summary of words about Kums of prophet and his descendants (Zobdat Al-Maqäl Fi Khums Al-Rasul Wa Äl) by Hussein Tabatabai Borujerdi’s lectures

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