Political misusing of fate and destiny by Umayyads and Abbasids

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Political misusing of fate and destiny by Umayyads and Abbasids

Fate and destiny had been a great issue to Umayyad politicians. They seriously supported "compulsory" (Jabr) and killed those who supported will and human freedom.
"Ma'bad Johni" (from Iraq) and "Qilan Dameshqi" (from Syriya) were the first people who supported the belief of will and human freedom in Umayyads' era.
Ma'bad was killed by "Hajjaj Saqafi" and Qilan's feet and hands were cut and then he was hanged by the order of "Hesham Ibn Abdul Malek".

Abbasids' policy was against Umayyads'; some of Abbasid caliphs especially "Ma'mun" and "Mu'tasem" supported "Mu'tazilites" because this religious sect believed in human free will, but from the time of "Mutavekkel" they supported Ashairites' beliefs (this sect believed in compulsion), then Ash'ari religion became the official religion of the Islamic world.

Ash'ari had undoubtedly a great effect on the Islamic world, it influenced Shia; that is the reason why in Arabic and Persian Shia literature, human is mentioned as a creature who surrenders himself to the fate; and will and freedom is ignored.

Whereas according to the Shiite Imams, the general fate and destiny is not inconsistent with human freedom and will.

That is the reason why Westerns think there is no human and freedom and will in Islam, and Muslims only believe in fate and destiny.
According to Westerns there is no difference between believing in fate and destiny, and the religion which considers no human and will and freedom. They believe, Muslims fell into decline as a result of their belief in fate and destiny!

The related topics:

The social disadvantages of believing in compulsory

References:

Human and fate (by. Motahari)

Categories:

beliefs < theism="">< the="" names="" and="" attributes="" of="" god="">< the="" attributes="" of="" god's="" acts="">< justice="">< discussions="" on="" justice="">< divine="" fate="" and="">

beliefs < prophecy="" and="" religion="">< religions="">< islam="">< the="" history="" of="" islam="">

culture and sciences < sociology="">< religious="" sociology="">

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