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Mohammad Ali Foroughi Zoka-ol-Molk (1877 - 1943 ) was a politician and Prime Minister of Iran. He was born to a family from Isfahan and studied at the élite school of Dar ol-Fonoon in Tehran. In 1907 he became director of Tehran School of Political Sciences. In 1909 Foroughi entered politics as a member of Parliament, representing Tehran. He subsequenty became speaker of the house and later minister in several cabinets. Foroughi was instrumental in the bringing to power of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi after Reza Shah was forced to abdicate ####September 16, 1941) and exiled by the allied forces of the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union during the World War II. He then became ambassador of Iran in the United States of America. He died at the age of 66, shortly after Mohammad Reza Pahlavi ascended the throne. Foroughi is known to have been an Azali Bábí  and a freemason.
Foroughi wrote numerous books, including
"The History of Iran",
"The History of the Peoples of The East",
"The History of Rome",
"A Concise Course in Physics",
"The Wisdom of Socrates",
"The Path of Wisdom in Europe",
"Message to The West",
"The Art of Lecturing", and
a book on the Shahnameh (The Book of Kings).
His son Mohsen Foroughi was a renowned architect who completed his studies in France and designed Niavarān Palace Complex, which is situated in the northern part of Tehran, Iran. It consists of several buildings and a museum. The Sahebqraniyeh Palace of the time of Nasir al-Din Shah of Qajar dynasty is also inside this complex. The main Niavaran Palace, completed in 1968, was the primary residence of the last Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Imperial family until the Iranian Revolution.Franz Malekebrahimian worked directly under Mohsen Foruoghi in implementation and maintenance of the Palace.
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