Bayzavi Exegesis

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"The lights of revelation and The mysteries of interpretation" known as "Bayzavi Exegesis" is the name of an exegesis book written in Arabic by "Abdullah Ibn Umar Bayzavi" in the 13th century.

 

The author’s brief biography:
Naser Aldin Abu Sa’id Abdollah Ibn Omar Ibn Mohammad Shirazi, famous to Bayzävi, is the commentator, juristconsult, shafite judge with Ash’ärite theology tendency was born in Bayzä one environs of shiraz. Due to judgment and judge position in shiraz, he also called shirazi and some called his patronymic “Abol Kheyr”. He is contemporary with “Allame Heli” and “Khaje Nasir Toosi”.The main master in jurisprudence was his father, however he has been at the presence of other masters of Azerbaijan province scholars. In the time of “Fars Atabakän” in shiraz, he got chief judge of Fars province in 1271A.D. (670A.H.) and in this period of his judgment, he has traveled several times to Tabriz. In this journey, due to his relation with “Mohammad Kajojani” apparently he began the refinement of the soul. In Tabriz he instructed. According to the various information collection that is available, he spent a part of his life period in Tabriz and accordance to the history he died at that city about the age of one hundred and he buried at that place in “Charandab” tomb. It seems his tomb has been known till Saffavid period. Many valuable writings has been left from him that among his writings, the “rational and transmitted sciences”(oloom aghli and naghli), are frequently the part of Islamic “theological schools” textbooks.

The structure of Bayzävi commentary:
1- An introduction in explaining the author’s commentary method.
2- Comment each one of Quran suras, that in the beginning of each sura has been mentioned its name, revelation, its commentary ending, the traditions(hadiths) related to the virtue and reward of reciting that sura. Litral and syntactic subjects, pointing to the syntactical differences of two “Basra” and “Koofe” school(maktab) and many attestation(testifying) to Arab poems, are the other literary subjects of commentary. In this commentary, have been used Zamakhshari, Ragheb Isfehani and Fakhr Räzi’s commentaries and has added his regained and subtleties to it.

Main feature of Bayzävi’s commentary:
1- While it is “full content” but is in small(thin) size, therefore it is called “Seyyed Al-Mokhtasarät”.
2- While the commentary is “Daräyi” [Daräyi: means a commentary accordance to the insight or understanding], but has been stated the commentary traditions in it.
3- It has avoided to explain the "Israelites" (Israelites means: the counterfeits by the jewish people )..
4-The juridical subjets have been gathered briefly accordance to the Shafit religion.
5- It has an enjoyable and ideal style.

Describing and printing:
Accordance to Haji Khalife words: more than 40 explanation(description), marginal notes and footnotes have been written for this commentary that among them, the Mohui Aldin Mohammad famous to Sheykh Zädeh and Ghoojavi is more useful and easy. Also Sheikh Bahäi and Jaläl Aldin Sivati have written marginal notes and footnotes. This commentary has been printed multiple, such as:
1- two volume “Bombay” printing in 1854A.D.(1271A.H.).
2- correction and printing (Henry Fisher, the Germany orientalist) with German translation in 7 part and 2 volumes.
3- one volume with Quran text in the middle of pages.
The summary of this commentary is available by the name of “The summery of Al-Bayzävi commentary.

Sources

-Anvär Al-tanzil and Asrär Al-tavil with correction of Henry Fisher and Tehran printing with “Kazem Jenab” handwriting.

- Bayzävi, Ghazi Naser Aldin Ibn Omar

- Persian encyclopedia

Keywords


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