Wahhabism and the principles of beliefs

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The book “Wahhabism and the principles   of beliefs” is a great work written by the pre-eminent scholar “Muhammad Javad Balaqi”.

 

The author

Ayatollah Sheikh Javad Balaqi Najafi, great Shia jurisconsult, philosopher and traditionist; was born in (1866 – 1934) in Najaf.
Allameh Balaqi studied the primary lessons in Najaf in the presence of great scholars.

Mastres:

1-    Mullah Kazem Khorasani
2-    Reza Hamedani
3-    Sheikh Muhammad Taha Najaf
4-    Seyyed Muhammad Hendi
5-    Mirza Ali Naqi Baraqani Haeri

In 1909 Allameh Balaqi traveled to Samarra and studied in the presence of Muhammad Taqi Shirazi. He stayed for 10 years, then went to Kazimayn and after 2 years returned to Najaf.
During his residence in Kazimayn established a good relationship with the Jewish and Christian scholars and learnt Hebrew, Armenian and English languages. He also received useful information about the Christianity and Jewishness and their holy books.
In a short time he became so famous that his works were translates into English and other languages.
The prominent shia scholar Ayatollah Seyyed Abul Qasem Khoee was one of his students.

Works:

1-    Guidance towards Islam (2 volumes. On the rejection of Christianity)
2-    The true delivery of message
3-    The treatise “Monotheism and Trinity”
4-    The lights of guidance (on the rejection of materialists)
5-    On the rumours and lies
6-    Treatise on the rejection of Wahhabism (Muslim puritan movement founded by Ibn Abd al-Wahhab)
7-    Treatise on the rejection of Wahhabism’s fatwa on destroying the holy shrines of Mecca and Medina
8-    Treatise on the commentary attributed to Imam Hasan Askari (the 11th Imam of Shias)
9-    Alaa al-Rahman Fi tafsir al-Quran (The Quranic exegesis) , etc.

 

It was composed as the reply of the work of the Hanbali juriscansult “sheikh Abdullah written on intercession and pilgrimage of holy shrives. (Hanbalites refers to the followers of the Sunni school of theology law and morality which grew up from the teaching of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal).

 

The book structure

The book is arranged in five chapters as follows:

1- Monotheism in worship, pilgrimage of holy shrines

2- Monotheism in performing deeds, intercession, seeking help from the prophet and the Imam

3- Building mausoleums and tombs for the deed bodies especially for the Holy Imam

4- Saying prayer in mausoleums

5- On sacrificing and vowing

Sources

Wahhabism and the principles of beliefs

Keywords


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